Canada introduces three new bills to modernise privacy law

The proposed new law tries to balance privacy of individuals with growing demands for innovative processing for AI purposes, and competitiveness. By Colin Bennett of the University of Victoria, Canada.

On 16 June 2022, Canada’s federal government tabled Bill C-27 – ‘An Act to enact the Consumer Privacy Protection Act, the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act and the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act’. They collectively comprise the Digital Charter Implementation Act of 2022.(1) Bill C-27 is a revision of Bill C-11 originally ­introduced in November 2020, which died on the order paper with the announcement of an election in September 2021.(2) C-11 had been subject to a good deal of criticism from all sides of the political spectrum. It was widely anticipated that the revised Bill would contain some substantial changes from the original version. There have been significant amendments, but a large portion of the original Bill has been retained, and will probably leave privacy advocates disappointed.

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