European Parliament adopts the AI Act

Yesterday, the European Parliament voted in favour of the EU AI Act. The next steps are linguistic checks and formal endorsement by the EU Council which is expected to take place May-June.

The Act will enter into force twenty days after its publication in the Official Journal, and be fully applicable 24 months after its entry into force, except for:

  • Bans on prohibited practices, which will apply six months after the entry into force date;
  • Codes of practice (nine months after entry into force);
  • General-purpose AI rules including governance (12 months after entry into force); and
  • Obligations for high-risk systems (36 months).

The EU AI Act is binding throughout the EU, but may need to be supplemented with national implementing legislation. The European Commission has already set up an AI Office to provide for consistency and guidance. It will also enforce the rules for general-purpose AI models, and enable access to AI sandboxes